Genetic diseases are inherited disorders caused by abnormal genes that are passed on from one generation to another. Pedigree cats are especially at risk of developing a genetic disease due to years of selective breeding and inbreeding.
Genetically determined diseases can be present at birth or may develop later in life. Over the years, the number of genetic diseases has increased. The worldwide cat population has reached 600 million. Of the 40 different cat breeds, most have originated within the past 150 years.
Typically, these breeds have been bred to emphasize aesthetic, rather than functional traits. Genetic diseases can be grouped into how they affect the cat such as sensory disorders, skin disorders, hormonal, neurological, and cardiovascular disorders, physical disorders, myopathies, diseases affecting the muscles, and enzyme deficiency disorders.
There are no cures for genetic diseases, only treatment and management. DNA testing
before breeding is one way of controlling genetic diseases. Of course, the best thing you can do to help your cat live a long and healthy life is to provide optimum nutrition throughout its life.